To Num. 24:17   The Star of David (Back to article)

N 494 = 2*13*19

494 is a reflection of 49 ( 9 light, 4 world). 49 = 72 describes the victorious Lion of Judah. 19*26 19 is the Lamb which was slaughtered, and 26 is YHWH = the slain Lamb of YHWH.

Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals” P 494 Rev. 5:9

“this is the Anointed of God, His Chosen One” P 494 Luke 23:35

“by the name of Yeshua the Anointed, the Nazarene” P 494 Acts 4:10

P 125 = 53 exceeding mercy, grace; fully redeemed, dedicated to the LORD.

Actually Numbers 8 (125. chap.) is the sharpest definition of 125

“YHWH your GOD is a merciful El” P 125 Deut. 4:31

“I am YHWH who sanctifies them” P• 125 Lev. 21:23

“bride” S• 125 Song 4:10

“a chaste virgin” P 125 2 Cor. 11:2

“His wife” P 125 Rev. 19:7

R 369 = 33*41 justifying in Spirit; notice the steep ascent 369 to heaven —

even stronger than 123 = 3*41:

“and he was not” N 123 Gen. 5:24

By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; and he was not found because GOD took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to GOD.” 123 letters Hebrews 11:5

“And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, ‘Come up here.’ Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them.” 123 letters Rev. 11:12 —

“YHWH standing on/above the altar” N• 369 Amos 9:1

“He will save us” R 369 Is. 33:22

“by faith in His Name” P 369 Acts 3:16

“the King of kings and the Lord of lords” P 369

“Shegal, queen” S 369 Ps. 45:10

"for a people of His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth” P° 369 Deut. 7:6; 14:2

“a kingdom, priests to His God and Father” P 369 Rev. 1:6


S 619 the LORD — the Lamb slaughtered

“the Captain of the Army of YHWH” N 619 Jos. 5:14

“Abram the Hebrew” S 619 Gen. 14:13

**“the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many" N 10523 = 17*619 Mat. 20.28; but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many" P 619 Mat. 20:28

“which we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast and one which enters within the veil” R 17*619 Heb. 6:19

“a goodly price” S° 619 Zech. 11:13


N• 504 looks like an expanded form of 54, which describes the chosen bride, as being “bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh,” out of him and for him (Gen. 2:23 = 54. verse, and Gen. 5:2 =108. verse; see also Lev. 18 = 108. chapter).

504 is 2*6*6*7 cf. “be strong and courageous” N 252 = 6*6*7 Jos. 1:6, 7; “lion, aryeh” S 252 = 6*6*7 Is. 35:9; “their Redeemer is mighty” S 252 = 6*6*7 Prov. 23:11; “Wonderful, Counselor, mighty El, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace” P• 252 = 6*6*7 Is. 9:5.

He washes his garments in wine” N• 504 Gen. 49:11; “the tabernacle of David” N 504 Amos 9:11

N• is the main message of the Star of David. The Star of David, the Bright Morning Star, is the Bridegroom.

P• 135 = 33*5 a spring of redemption by His blood; purchased to GOD as His personal possession

“the Fountain of Living Laters” P 135 N 504 S 639 R 369 Jer. 2:13

“the river of GOD is full of water” P 135 Ps. 65:10

“from the fountain of Israel” P 135 Ps. 68:27

“the sure mercies of David” P• 135 Is. 55:3

“Have mercy on us, Lord” P 135 Mat. 20:30

R• 369 = 33*41  see R above

S• 639 = 33*71

“YHWH is my Light and my Salvation” N 639 Ps. 27:1

“to behold the beauty of YHWH” N 639 Ps. 27:4

*“for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb” P 639 Rev. 21:23

“the Urim and the Thummim” and “Urim and Thummim” R 639 Lev. 8:8

“Yeshua Mashiach” R 639 Mat. 1:1

*“and I sanctify Myself for them, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth” P 639 John 17:19



To Num. 28:19   LESHEM (Back to article)

Raymond Albert Bowman, professor at the Oriental Language Institute of the University of Chicago, whose unworthy pupil I am, is known for his exhaustive research; “when he made research, he scratched out the drawer.” From his studies of Precious Stones of the Old Testament I here quote his notes on léšem  לשם

The etymology of léšem is entirely uncertain. It is probably a loanword. Hommel (AHT p. 283) suggests Egyptian nšm as a possibility.

Versions LXX: ligúrion; Vulgate : ligurius ; Josephus (Antiq. I5): ligure (for Exo­dus); Peshitta: qânkěnûn = reddish amber (for Exodus) . . .


Greek and Latin translators agree that Hebrew léšem is to be identified with ligúrion (spelled variously lyncúrion, lyngoúrion, langúrium, lingúrion, liggúrion, ligúrion, and ligure), as enigmatic léšem . . . .

Theophrastus (sect. 28) describes ligúrion as “very transparent” and electrostatic, having “the power of attraction, just as amber has.” . . .

Strabo (IV, vi, 2) in discussing ligúria (north of Genoa, at the sea, east of the curl of the maritime Alps) states, “the liggúrion, too, is plentiful in their country, and some call this ‘amber’.” Other ancients also identify it as such (Dioscorices 2:100 [Wellmann ed. II, 81, 3]; Pliny, NH 37:52-53; and Demostratus in Pliny, NH 37:ll,2). Caley and Richards (p. 117) declare, “The various statements of Theophrastus in sections 28 and 29 are certainly the earliest account of the properties of amber” and (p. 113) “... lyngourion can be identified with reasonable certainty as either amber or some particular variety of amber.”

Strabo’s reference to ligúrion in the province of Liguria (IV, vi, 2) is probably a reference to the area as a trade territory through which the ligúrion became accessible. According to W. W. Hyde (Roman Alpine Routes, pp. 42-43, 134), amber was brought from the coasts of the North and Baltic Seas by trade routes through Gaul, and the Ligurians acted only as traders in the product. W. Ridgeway (EB col. 135) claims that the red variety is found “both in the south of Europe (Catania; Reggio) and in Lebanon.” Olmstead (Palestine, p. 2) mentions “a poor variety of amber in Central Syria. And Ridgeway (p. 136) says, “As the Phoenicians had red amber thus at his very door, he may early have learned to employ it for purposes of art and ornament ... moreover, red-amber is, as stated above, also to be found in Sicily, and may have been procured thence.” Amber beads reached Mycenae and Tiryns in the bronze age and may even have reached Palestine. Perrot Chipiez (Art Chald. II, 362) state that as late as the beginning of the twentieth century, no trace of amber had been found in Mesopotamia, but later Olmstead (Assyria, p. 572) lists amber among the media used for making richly-carved cylinder seals.

In the light of such evidence, it seems best, with RV mg. at Ex. 28:19, to identify léšem  with reddish-amber.



Sequence of tribes with Judah first: Numbers 2:3-31 and 7:12-83 and 10:14-28 agree together (with the one exception of Num. 2:17 adding Levi as the 7th in the midst, and Ephraim therefore as the 8th). 1 Chronicles 12:24-37 has Ephraim as the 5th.













The Names of GOD, and the notes to them, are listet in the order of the books of the Hebrew Bible, where they occur (: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles. )

The books of the New Covenant are in the same order as in the King James Version.



To Gen. 17:1   El Shadday (Back to article)

שׁדּי אל El Shadday, which is mentioned 31 times in the poetic section of the Hebrew Book of Job, as well as in the prophecy of the non-Jewish Bileam (Num. 24:4, 16), is also invoked in a Thamudian inscription from Tema (Jsa 255. Van den Branden, Les inscriptiones thamoudéennes, 1950, 347). The Thamudian spelling שׁדי אל suggests that Shadday is related to the Arabic root šdd “to be strong,” which is used both in Thamudian and in classical Arabic — cf. class. Arabic šadîd “strong, powerful, forceful; vigorous,” — to which the adjectival ending -ăy was added to form a proper name.



To Exodus 15:3 YHWH is a Warrior (Back to article)

N 460 = 20*23 Holiness to YHWH, one with the Father

“holiness to YHWH” N 460 Ex. 28:36

“the Holy One” S 460 Is. 40:25; Job 6:10

“true” S 460 Rev. 3:7

“You are my Father, my GOD” N 460; “You are my Father” S 460 Ps. 89:27


P 109. the Lamb which was slaughtered is King, the Son of David

And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb.” 109 letters S 15932 = 22*7*569 Rev. 21:23

“a Lamb standing, as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth” 109 letters Rev. 5:6

“a pillar of fire” S• 545 = 5*109 Ex. 13:21; “a pillar of cloud” S• 436 = 22*109 Ex. 13:21

“the Root of David” N 545 = 5*109 Rev. 5:5

“the Son of David” N 1099 S 1199 = 11*109 Mat. 20:30

“a Scepter out of Israel” P 109 Num. 24:17

“the King of Israel, YHWH, is in your midst” N 981 = 32*109 Zeph. 3:15

“your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey” N 2834 = 26*109 = YHWH the Lamb-King Zech. 9:9



S 569. Prince of the House of David; one who gives his life for his brethren

And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb.” 109 letters S 15932 = 22*7*569 Rev. 21:23

“the Desire of all nations” N• 569 Hag. 2:7

“the Head Stone” N 569 Zech. 4:7

“one Head” S 569 Hos. 2:2

“Yeshua the Anointed who was foreordained for you” N 3983 = 7*569 Acts 3:20

“He who has eyes like a flame of fire” S 7966 = 2*7*569 Rev. 2:18

“a holy people are you to YHWH you GOD” S° 1707 = 3*569 Deut. 7:6

and upon finding one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it” R 6259 = 11*569 Mat. 13:46


R 351 = 33*13 GOD’S love shining forth, giving life; driven by the Spirit of GOD’S love

“YHWH will fight for you” S• 351 Ex. 14:14

“GOD, the Most High”S 351 Ps. 57:3

“Your good Spirit” S• 351 Neh. 9:20

“through the living and enduring Word of God” P 351 1 Peter 1:23

“the Word of Life” in Hebrew S 351 1 John 1:1

“a Messenger, a Mediator” S 351 Job 33:23

“all my springs are in You” S 351 Ps. 87:7